Why three Living Labs ?
H2 CoopStorage focuses on three different living labs located in different European regions to develop the tools regardless of regional / national contexts. Indeed, these tools must be flexible and robust enough to be deployed in Europe, and more generally in the world.
The development of tools on different living laboratories increases their robustness and their efficiency by considering a wider range of:
- Nature and types of members who are part of the EC - More end users (citizens, tertiary sector, hotel, industry) may have very different consumption profiles and expectations depending on their geographical, social situation , economic and cultural. In addition, the tools must also be able to communicate with other stakeholders (ensure compatibility of the communication protocol with DSO or TSO).
- Renewable energy production means - The storage solution must make it possible to attenuate daily and seasonal intermissions from the greatest variety of sources possible. Solar, wind, hydraulic and geothermal sources must therefore be considered so that the tools consider their specificities. Iceland has renewable energies mainly from hydropower and geothermal energy. Belgium has an energy mix mainly derived from wind power, biomass and solar power.
- Specificities of national regulations - The electricity and gas markets may be different depending on the country (in Iceland, a single player in charge of the transmission and distribution of electricity; in Belgium, a single TSO and several actors for distribution; in Norway, existence of a hydrogen distribution network). The tools must then be designed to adapt to different national regulatory contexts.
Hellisheiði Power Station, located about 30km east of Reykjavik in Iceland. The Hellisheiði Power Station uses geothermal heat from the Hengill Volcane to produce low carbon renewable electricity (300 MW) and thermal energy (133 MWth). At this location electricity and thermal energy could be used for hydrogen production.
Mortsel located near Antwerp in the Flemish Region. It already presents a basic REC, developed as part of the DeeldeZon InterReg project. The perimeter includes photovoltaic panels (13kWc), several consumption profiles (households, electric cars, cultural center) and a saltwater electrochemical battery (13 kW).
Nivelles located in the Walloon Region. The perimeter includes renewable photovoltaic (25 kWc) and wind energy facilities (4 wind turbines of 2MW), several consumer profiles (household, hotel, tertiary building, electric cars, a city gas pipeline (low pressure), opportunity for hydrogen cars and for valorising heat).
Living Lab Hellisheidi Iceland
(text in details living lab Hellisheidi)